blob: a3e84bfac77649bc62a73a3575cb56f3e1645c5d [file] [log] [blame]
.. _usb-error-codes:
USB Error codes
:Revised: 2004-Oct-21
This is the documentation of (hopefully) all possible error codes (and
their interpretation) that can be returned from usbcore.
Some of them are returned by the Host Controller Drivers (HCDs), which
device drivers only see through usbcore. As a rule, all the HCDs should
behave the same except for transfer speed dependent behaviors and the
way certain faults are reported.
Error codes returned by :c:func:`usb_submit_urb`
=============== ===============================================
0 URB submission went fine
``-ENOMEM`` no memory for allocation of internal structures
=============== ===============================================
======================= =======================================================
``-EBUSY`` The URB is already active.
``-ENODEV`` specified USB-device or bus doesn't exist
``-ENOENT`` specified interface or endpoint does not exist or
is not enabled
``-ENXIO`` host controller driver does not support queuing of
this type of urb. (treat as a host controller bug.)
``-EINVAL`` a) Invalid transfer type specified (or not supported)
b) Invalid or unsupported periodic transfer interval
c) ISO: attempted to change transfer interval
d) ISO: ``number_of_packets`` is < 0
e) various other cases
``-EXDEV`` ISO: ``URB_ISO_ASAP`` wasn't specified and all the
frames the URB would be scheduled in have already
``-EFBIG`` Host controller driver can't schedule that many ISO
``-EPIPE`` The pipe type specified in the URB doesn't match the
endpoint's actual type.
``-EMSGSIZE`` (a) endpoint maxpacket size is zero; it is not usable
in the current interface altsetting.
(b) ISO packet is larger than the endpoint maxpacket.
(c) requested data transfer length is invalid: negative
or too large for the host controller.
``-ENOSPC`` This request would overcommit the usb bandwidth reserved
for periodic transfers (interrupt, isochronous).
``-ESHUTDOWN`` The device or host controller has been disabled due to
some problem that could not be worked around.
``-EPERM`` Submission failed because ``urb->reject`` was set.
``-EHOSTUNREACH`` URB was rejected because the device is suspended.
``-ENOEXEC`` A control URB doesn't contain a Setup packet.
======================= =======================================================
Error codes returned by ``in urb->status`` or in ``iso_frame_desc[n].status`` (for ISO)
USB device drivers may only test urb status values in completion handlers.
This is because otherwise there would be a race between HCDs updating
these values on one CPU, and device drivers testing them on another CPU.
A transfer's actual_length may be positive even when an error has been
reported. That's because transfers often involve several packets, so that
one or more packets could finish before an error stops further endpoint I/O.
For isochronous URBs, the urb status value is non-zero only if the URB is
unlinked, the device is removed, the host controller is disabled, or the total
transferred length is less than the requested length and the
``URB_SHORT_NOT_OK`` flag is set. Completion handlers for isochronous URBs
should only see ``urb->status`` set to zero, ``-ENOENT``, ``-ECONNRESET``,
``-ESHUTDOWN``, or ``-EREMOTEIO``. Individual frame descriptor status fields
may report more status codes.
=============================== ===============================================
0 Transfer completed successfully
``-ENOENT`` URB was synchronously unlinked by
``-EINPROGRESS`` URB still pending, no results yet
(That is, if drivers see this it's a bug.)
``-EPROTO`` [#f1]_, [#f2]_ a) bitstuff error
b) no response packet received within the
prescribed bus turn-around time
c) unknown USB error
``-EILSEQ`` [#f1]_, [#f2]_ a) CRC mismatch
b) no response packet received within the
prescribed bus turn-around time
c) unknown USB error
Note that often the controller hardware does
not distinguish among cases a), b), and c), so
a driver cannot tell whether there was a
protocol error, a failure to respond (often
caused by device disconnect), or some other
``-ETIME`` [#f2]_ No response packet received within the
prescribed bus turn-around time. This error
may instead be reported as
``-EPROTO`` or ``-EILSEQ``.
``-ETIMEDOUT`` Synchronous USB message functions use this code
to indicate timeout expired before the transfer
completed, and no other error was reported
by HC.
``-EPIPE`` [#f2]_ Endpoint stalled. For non-control endpoints,
reset this status with
``-ECOMM`` During an IN transfer, the host controller
received data from an endpoint faster than it
could be written to system memory
``-ENOSR`` During an OUT transfer, the host controller
could not retrieve data from system memory fast
enough to keep up with the USB data rate
``-EOVERFLOW`` [#f1]_ The amount of data returned by the endpoint was
greater than either the max packet size of the
endpoint or the remaining buffer size.
``-EREMOTEIO`` The data read from the endpoint did not fill
the specified buffer, and ``URB_SHORT_NOT_OK``
was set in ``urb->transfer_flags``.
``-ENODEV`` Device was removed. Often preceded by a burst
of other errors, since the hub driver doesn't
detect device removal events immediately.
``-EXDEV`` ISO transfer only partially completed
(only set in ``iso_frame_desc[n].status``,
not ``urb->status``)
``-EINVAL`` ISO madness, if this happens: Log off and
go home
``-ECONNRESET`` URB was asynchronously unlinked by
``-ESHUTDOWN`` The device or host controller has been
disabled due to some problem that could not
be worked around, such as a physical
=============================== ===============================================
.. [#f1]
Error codes like ``-EPROTO``, ``-EILSEQ`` and ``-EOVERFLOW`` normally
indicate hardware problems such as bad devices (including firmware)
or cables.
.. [#f2]
This is also one of several codes that different kinds of host
controller use to indicate a transfer has failed because of device
disconnect. In the interval before the hub driver starts disconnect
processing, devices may receive such fault reports for every request.
Error codes returned by usbcore-functions
.. note:: expect also other submit and transfer status codes
======================= ===================================
``-EINVAL`` error during registering new driver
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``-ETIMEDOUT`` Timeout expired before the transfer completed.
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