title: Linux x86-ubuntu image tags: - x86 - fullsystem layout: default permalink: resources/x86-ubuntu shortdoc: > Resources to build a generic x86-ubuntu disk image and run a “boot-exit” test. author: [“Ayaz Akram”]

This document provides instructions to create the “x86-ubuntu” image, the Linux kernel binaries, and also points to gem5 configuration files that use the image. The x86-ubuntu disk image is based on Ubuntu 18.04 and has its .bashrc file modified in such a way that it executes a script passed from the gem5 configuration files (using the m5 readfile instruction). The boot-exit test passes a script that causes the guest OS to terminate the simulation (using the m5 exit instruction) as soon as the system boots.

We assume the following directory structure while following the instructions in this README file:

  |___ gem5/                                   # gem5 source code (to be cloned here)
  |___ disk-image/
  |      |___ build.sh                         # the script downloading packer binary and building the disk image
  |      |___ shared/                          # Auxiliary files needed for disk creation
  |      |___ x86-ubuntu/
  |            |___ x86-ubuntu-image/           # Will be created once the disk is generated
  |            |      |___ x86-ubuntu           # The generated disk image
  |            |___ x86-ubuntu.json             # The Packer script
  |            |___ exit.sh                    # Exits the simulated guest upon booting
  |            |___ post-installation.sh       # Moves exit.sh to guest's .bashrc
  |___ linux                                   # Linux source will be downloaded in this folder
  |___ README.md                               # This README file

Disk Image

Assuming that you are in the src/x86-ubuntu/ directory (the directory containing this README), first build m5 (which is needed to create the disk image):

git clone https://gem5.googlesource.com/public/gem5
cd gem5/util/m5
scons build/x86/out/m5

Next (within the src/x86-ubuntu/ directory),

cd disk-image
./build.sh          # the script downloading packer binary and building the disk image

If you see errors or warnings from packer validate you can modify the file disk-image/x86-ubuntu/x86-ubuntu.json to update the file. Specifically, you may see the following error.

Error: Failed to prepare build: "qemu"

1 error(s) occurred:

* Bad source '../gem5/util/m5/build/x86/out/m5': stat
../gem5/util/m5/build/x86/out/m5: no such file or directory

In this case, the gem5 directory is in a different location than when this script was written. You can update the following line in the x86-ubuntu.json file.

         "destination": "/home/gem5/",
-        "source": "../gem5/util/m5/build/x86/out/m5",
+        "source": "<your path to gem5>/util/m5/build/x86/out/m5",
         "type": "file"

Once this process succeeds, the disk image can be found on x86-ubuntu/x86-ubuntu-image/x86-ubuntu. A disk image already created following the above instructions can be found, gzipped, here.

Example Run Scripts

Within the gem5 repository, two example scripts are provided which utilize the x86-ubuntu resource.

The first is configs/example/gem5_library/x86-ubuntu-run.py. This will boot the OS with a Timing CPU. To run:

scons build/X86/gem5.opt -j`nproc`
./build/X86/gem5.opt configs/example/gem5_library/x86-ubuntu-run.py

The second is configs/example/gem5_library/x86-ubuntu-run-with-kvm.py. This will boot the OS using KVM cores before switching to Timing Cores to run a simple echo command. To run:

scons build/X86/gem5.opt -j`nproc`
./build/X86/gem5.opt configs/example/gem5_library/x86-ubuntu-run-with-kvm.py`

Note: the x86-ubuntu-with-kvm.py script requires a host machine with KVM to function correctly.