blob: 21d830bafff32aaa4b38ec0eb2e63ec66dfc00f8 [file] [log] [blame]
* builtin-report.c
* Builtin report command: Analyze the input file,
* look up and read DSOs and symbol information and display
* a histogram of results, along various sorting keys.
#include "builtin.h"
#include "util/util.h"
#include "util/cache.h"
#include "util/annotate.h"
#include "util/color.h"
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include "util/symbol.h"
#include "util/callchain.h"
#include "util/strlist.h"
#include "util/values.h"
#include "perf.h"
#include "util/debug.h"
#include "util/evlist.h"
#include "util/evsel.h"
#include "util/header.h"
#include "util/session.h"
#include "util/tool.h"
#include "util/parse-options.h"
#include "util/parse-events.h"
#include "util/thread.h"
#include "util/sort.h"
#include "util/hist.h"
#include "util/data.h"
#include "arch/common.h"
#include <dlfcn.h>
#include <linux/bitmap.h>
struct report {
struct perf_tool tool;
struct perf_session *session;
bool force, use_tui, use_gtk, use_stdio;
bool hide_unresolved;
bool dont_use_callchains;
bool show_full_info;
bool show_threads;
bool inverted_callchain;
bool mem_mode;
bool header;
bool header_only;
int max_stack;
struct perf_read_values show_threads_values;
const char *pretty_printing_style;
const char *cpu_list;
const char *symbol_filter_str;
float min_percent;
u64 nr_entries;
static int report__config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
if (!strcmp(var, "")) {
symbol_conf.event_group = perf_config_bool(var, value);
return 0;
if (!strcmp(var, "report.percent-limit")) {
struct report *rep = cb;
rep->min_percent = strtof(value, NULL);
return 0;
if (!strcmp(var, "report.children")) {
symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain = perf_config_bool(var, value);
return 0;
return perf_default_config(var, value, cb);
static void report__inc_stats(struct report *rep, struct hist_entry *he)
* The @he is either of a newly created one or an existing one
* merging current sample. We only want to count a new one so
* checking ->nr_events being 1.
if (he->stat.nr_events == 1)
static int hist_iter__report_callback(struct hist_entry_iter *iter,
struct addr_location *al, bool single,
void *arg)
int err = 0;
struct report *rep = arg;
struct hist_entry *he = iter->he;
struct perf_evsel *evsel = iter->evsel;
struct mem_info *mi;
struct branch_info *bi;
report__inc_stats(rep, he);
if (!ui__has_annotation())
return 0;
if (sort__mode == SORT_MODE__BRANCH) {
bi = he->branch_info;
err = addr_map_symbol__inc_samples(&bi->from, evsel->idx);
if (err)
goto out;
err = addr_map_symbol__inc_samples(&bi->to, evsel->idx);
} else if (rep->mem_mode) {
mi = he->mem_info;
err = addr_map_symbol__inc_samples(&mi->daddr, evsel->idx);
if (err)
goto out;
err = hist_entry__inc_addr_samples(he, evsel->idx, al->addr);
} else if (symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain) {
if (single)
err = hist_entry__inc_addr_samples(he, evsel->idx,
} else {
err = hist_entry__inc_addr_samples(he, evsel->idx, al->addr);
return err;
static int process_sample_event(struct perf_tool *tool,
union perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample *sample,
struct perf_evsel *evsel,
struct machine *machine)
struct report *rep = container_of(tool, struct report, tool);
struct addr_location al;
struct hist_entry_iter iter = {
.hide_unresolved = rep->hide_unresolved,
.add_entry_cb = hist_iter__report_callback,
int ret;
if (perf_event__preprocess_sample(event, machine, &al, sample) < 0) {
pr_debug("problem processing %d event, skipping it.\n",
return -1;
if (rep->hide_unresolved && al.sym == NULL)
return 0;
if (rep->cpu_list && !test_bit(sample->cpu, rep->cpu_bitmap))
return 0;
if (sort__mode == SORT_MODE__BRANCH)
iter.ops = &hist_iter_branch;
else if (rep->mem_mode)
iter.ops = &hist_iter_mem;
else if (symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain)
iter.ops = &hist_iter_cumulative;
iter.ops = &hist_iter_normal;
if ( != NULL)>dso->hit = 1;
ret = hist_entry_iter__add(&iter, &al, evsel, sample, rep->max_stack,
if (ret < 0)
pr_debug("problem adding hist entry, skipping event\n");
return ret;
static int process_read_event(struct perf_tool *tool,
union perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample *sample __maybe_unused,
struct perf_evsel *evsel,
struct machine *machine __maybe_unused)
struct report *rep = container_of(tool, struct report, tool);
if (rep->show_threads) {
const char *name = evsel ? perf_evsel__name(evsel) : "unknown";
event->, event->read.tid,
dump_printf(": %d %d %s %" PRIu64 "\n", event->, event->read.tid,
evsel ? perf_evsel__name(evsel) : "FAIL",
return 0;
/* For pipe mode, sample_type is not currently set */
static int report__setup_sample_type(struct report *rep)
struct perf_session *session = rep->session;
u64 sample_type = perf_evlist__combined_sample_type(session->evlist);
bool is_pipe = perf_data_file__is_pipe(session->file);
if (!is_pipe && !(sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN)) {
if (sort__has_parent) {
ui__error("Selected --sort parent, but no "
"callchain data. Did you call "
"'perf record' without -g?\n");
return -EINVAL;
if (symbol_conf.use_callchain) {
ui__error("Selected -g but no callchain data. Did "
"you call 'perf record' without -g?\n");
return -1;
} else if (!rep->dont_use_callchains &&
callchain_param.mode != CHAIN_NONE &&
!symbol_conf.use_callchain) {
symbol_conf.use_callchain = true;
if (callchain_register_param(&callchain_param) < 0) {
ui__error("Can't register callchain params.\n");
return -EINVAL;
if (symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain) {
/* Silently ignore if callchain is missing */
if (!(sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_CALLCHAIN)) {
symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain = false;
if (sort__mode == SORT_MODE__BRANCH) {
if (!is_pipe &&
!(sample_type & PERF_SAMPLE_BRANCH_STACK)) {
ui__error("Selected -b but no branch data. "
"Did you call perf record without -b?\n");
return -1;
return 0;
static void sig_handler(int sig __maybe_unused)
session_done = 1;
static size_t hists__fprintf_nr_sample_events(struct hists *hists, struct report *rep,
const char *evname, FILE *fp)
size_t ret;
char unit;
unsigned long nr_samples = hists->stats.nr_events[PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE];
u64 nr_events = hists->stats.total_period;
struct perf_evsel *evsel = hists_to_evsel(hists);
char buf[512];
size_t size = sizeof(buf);
if (symbol_conf.filter_relative) {
nr_samples = hists->stats.nr_non_filtered_samples;
nr_events = hists->stats.total_non_filtered_period;
if (perf_evsel__is_group_event(evsel)) {
struct perf_evsel *pos;
perf_evsel__group_desc(evsel, buf, size);
evname = buf;
for_each_group_member(pos, evsel) {
if (symbol_conf.filter_relative) {
nr_samples += pos->hists.stats.nr_non_filtered_samples;
nr_events += pos->hists.stats.total_non_filtered_period;
} else {
nr_samples += pos->hists.stats.nr_events[PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE];
nr_events += pos->hists.stats.total_period;
nr_samples = convert_unit(nr_samples, &unit);
ret = fprintf(fp, "# Samples: %lu%c", nr_samples, unit);
if (evname != NULL)
ret += fprintf(fp, " of event '%s'", evname);
if (rep->mem_mode) {
ret += fprintf(fp, "\n# Total weight : %" PRIu64, nr_events);
ret += fprintf(fp, "\n# Sort order : %s", sort_order);
} else
ret += fprintf(fp, "\n# Event count (approx.): %" PRIu64, nr_events);
return ret + fprintf(fp, "\n#\n");
static int perf_evlist__tty_browse_hists(struct perf_evlist *evlist,
struct report *rep,
const char *help)
struct perf_evsel *pos;
evlist__for_each(evlist, pos) {
struct hists *hists = &pos->hists;
const char *evname = perf_evsel__name(pos);
if (symbol_conf.event_group &&
hists__fprintf_nr_sample_events(hists, rep, evname, stdout);
hists__fprintf(hists, true, 0, 0, rep->min_percent, stdout);
fprintf(stdout, "\n\n");
if (sort_order == default_sort_order &&
parent_pattern == default_parent_pattern) {
fprintf(stdout, "#\n# (%s)\n#\n", help);
if (rep->show_threads) {
bool style = !strcmp(rep->pretty_printing_style, "raw");
perf_read_values_display(stdout, &rep->show_threads_values,
return 0;
static void report__warn_kptr_restrict(const struct report *rep)
struct map *kernel_map = rep->session->[MAP__FUNCTION];
struct kmap *kernel_kmap = map__kmap(kernel_map);
if (kernel_map == NULL ||
(kernel_map->dso->hit &&
(kernel_kmap->ref_reloc_sym == NULL ||
kernel_kmap->ref_reloc_sym->addr == 0))) {
const char *desc =
"As no suitable kallsyms nor vmlinux was found, kernel samples\n"
"can't be resolved.";
if (kernel_map) {
const struct dso *kdso = kernel_map->dso;
if (!RB_EMPTY_ROOT(&kdso->symbols[MAP__FUNCTION])) {
desc = "If some relocation was applied (e.g. "
"kexec) symbols may be misresolved.";
"Kernel address maps (/proc/{kallsyms,modules}) were restricted.\n\n"
"Check /proc/sys/kernel/kptr_restrict before running 'perf record'.\n\n%s\n\n"
"Samples in kernel modules can't be resolved as well.\n\n",
static int report__gtk_browse_hists(struct report *rep, const char *help)
int (*hist_browser)(struct perf_evlist *evlist, const char *help,
struct hist_browser_timer *timer, float min_pcnt);
hist_browser = dlsym(perf_gtk_handle, "perf_evlist__gtk_browse_hists");
if (hist_browser == NULL) {
ui__error("GTK browser not found!\n");
return -1;
return hist_browser(rep->session->evlist, help, NULL, rep->min_percent);
static int report__browse_hists(struct report *rep)
int ret;
struct perf_session *session = rep->session;
struct perf_evlist *evlist = session->evlist;
const char *help = "For a higher level overview, try: perf report --sort comm,dso";
switch (use_browser) {
case 1:
ret = perf_evlist__tui_browse_hists(evlist, help, NULL,
* Usually "ret" is the last pressed key, and we only
* care if the key notifies us to switch data file.
ret = 0;
case 2:
ret = report__gtk_browse_hists(rep, help);
ret = perf_evlist__tty_browse_hists(evlist, rep, help);
return ret;
static void report__collapse_hists(struct report *rep)
struct ui_progress prog;
struct perf_evsel *pos;
ui_progress__init(&prog, rep->nr_entries, "Merging related events...");
evlist__for_each(rep->session->evlist, pos) {
struct hists *hists = &pos->hists;
if (pos->idx == 0)
hists->symbol_filter_str = rep->symbol_filter_str;
hists__collapse_resort(hists, &prog);
/* Non-group events are considered as leader */
if (symbol_conf.event_group &&
!perf_evsel__is_group_leader(pos)) {
struct hists *leader_hists = &pos->leader->hists;
hists__match(leader_hists, hists);
hists__link(leader_hists, hists);
static int __cmd_report(struct report *rep)
int ret;
struct perf_session *session = rep->session;
struct perf_evsel *pos;
struct perf_data_file *file = session->file;
signal(SIGINT, sig_handler);
if (rep->cpu_list) {
ret = perf_session__cpu_bitmap(session, rep->cpu_list,
if (ret)
return ret;
if (rep->show_threads)
ret = report__setup_sample_type(rep);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = perf_session__process_events(session, &rep->tool);
if (ret)
return ret;
if (use_browser == 0) {
if (verbose > 3)
perf_session__fprintf(session, stdout);
if (verbose > 2)
perf_session__fprintf_dsos(session, stdout);
if (dump_trace) {
perf_session__fprintf_nr_events(session, stdout);
return 0;
if (session_done())
return 0;
if (rep->nr_entries == 0) {
ui__error("The %s file has no samples!\n", file->path);
return 0;
evlist__for_each(session->evlist, pos)
return report__browse_hists(rep);
static int
report_parse_callchain_opt(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
struct report *rep = (struct report *)opt->value;
* --no-call-graph
if (unset) {
rep->dont_use_callchains = true;
return 0;
return parse_callchain_report_opt(arg);
report_parse_ignore_callees_opt(const struct option *opt __maybe_unused,
const char *arg, int unset __maybe_unused)
if (arg) {
int err = regcomp(&ignore_callees_regex, arg, REG_EXTENDED);
if (err) {
char buf[BUFSIZ];
regerror(err, &ignore_callees_regex, buf, sizeof(buf));
pr_err("Invalid --ignore-callees regex: %s\n%s", arg, buf);
return -1;
have_ignore_callees = 1;
return 0;
static int
parse_branch_mode(const struct option *opt __maybe_unused,
const char *str __maybe_unused, int unset)
int *branch_mode = opt->value;
*branch_mode = !unset;
return 0;
static int
parse_percent_limit(const struct option *opt, const char *str,
int unset __maybe_unused)
struct report *rep = opt->value;
rep->min_percent = strtof(str, NULL);
return 0;
int cmd_report(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix __maybe_unused)
struct perf_session *session;
struct stat st;
bool has_br_stack = false;
int branch_mode = -1;
int ret = -1;
char callchain_default_opt[] = "fractal,0.5,callee";
const char * const report_usage[] = {
"perf report [<options>]",
struct report report = {
.tool = {
.sample = process_sample_event,
.mmap = perf_event__process_mmap,
.mmap2 = perf_event__process_mmap2,
.comm = perf_event__process_comm,
.exit = perf_event__process_exit,
.fork = perf_event__process_fork,
.lost = perf_event__process_lost,
.read = process_read_event,
.attr = perf_event__process_attr,
.tracing_data = perf_event__process_tracing_data,
.build_id = perf_event__process_build_id,
.ordered_samples = true,
.ordering_requires_timestamps = true,
.max_stack = PERF_MAX_STACK_DEPTH,
.pretty_printing_style = "normal",
const struct option options[] = {
OPT_STRING('i', "input", &input_name, "file",
"input file name"),
OPT_INCR('v', "verbose", &verbose,
"be more verbose (show symbol address, etc)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('D', "dump-raw-trace", &dump_trace,
"dump raw trace in ASCII"),
OPT_STRING('k', "vmlinux", &symbol_conf.vmlinux_name,
"file", "vmlinux pathname"),
OPT_STRING(0, "kallsyms", &symbol_conf.kallsyms_name,
"file", "kallsyms pathname"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('f', "force", &report.force, "don't complain, do it"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('m', "modules", &symbol_conf.use_modules,
"load module symbols - WARNING: use only with -k and LIVE kernel"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('n', "show-nr-samples", &symbol_conf.show_nr_samples,
"Show a column with the number of samples"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('T', "threads", &report.show_threads,
"Show per-thread event counters"),
OPT_STRING(0, "pretty", &report.pretty_printing_style, "key",
"pretty printing style key: normal raw"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "tui", &report.use_tui, "Use the TUI interface"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "gtk", &report.use_gtk, "Use the GTK2 interface"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "stdio", &report.use_stdio,
"Use the stdio interface"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "header", &report.header, "Show data header."),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "header-only", &report.header_only,
"Show only data header."),
OPT_STRING('s', "sort", &sort_order, "key[,key2...]",
"sort by key(s): pid, comm, dso, symbol, parent, cpu, srcline, ..."
" Please refer the man page for the complete list."),
OPT_STRING('F', "fields", &field_order, "key[,keys...]",
"output field(s): overhead, period, sample plus all of sort keys"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "showcpuutilization", &symbol_conf.show_cpu_utilization,
"Show sample percentage for different cpu modes"),
OPT_STRING('p', "parent", &parent_pattern, "regex",
"regex filter to identify parent, see: '--sort parent'"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('x', "exclude-other", &symbol_conf.exclude_other,
"Only display entries with parent-match"),
OPT_CALLBACK_DEFAULT('g', "call-graph", &report, "output_type,min_percent[,print_limit],call_order",
"Display callchains using output_type (graph, flat, fractal, or none) , min percent threshold, optional print limit, callchain order, key (function or address). "
"Default: fractal,0.5,callee,function", &report_parse_callchain_opt, callchain_default_opt),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "children", &symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain,
"Accumulate callchains of children and show total overhead as well"),
OPT_INTEGER(0, "max-stack", &report.max_stack,
"Set the maximum stack depth when parsing the callchain, "
"anything beyond the specified depth will be ignored. "
"Default: " __stringify(PERF_MAX_STACK_DEPTH)),
OPT_BOOLEAN('G', "inverted", &report.inverted_callchain,
"alias for inverted call graph"),
OPT_CALLBACK(0, "ignore-callees", NULL, "regex",
"ignore callees of these functions in call graphs",
OPT_STRING('d', "dsos", &symbol_conf.dso_list_str, "dso[,dso...]",
"only consider symbols in these dsos"),
OPT_STRING('c', "comms", &symbol_conf.comm_list_str, "comm[,comm...]",
"only consider symbols in these comms"),
OPT_STRING('S', "symbols", &symbol_conf.sym_list_str, "symbol[,symbol...]",
"only consider these symbols"),
OPT_STRING(0, "symbol-filter", &report.symbol_filter_str, "filter",
"only show symbols that (partially) match with this filter"),
OPT_STRING('w', "column-widths", &symbol_conf.col_width_list_str,
"don't try to adjust column width, use these fixed values"),
OPT_STRING('t', "field-separator", &symbol_conf.field_sep, "separator",
"separator for columns, no spaces will be added between "
"columns '.' is reserved."),
OPT_BOOLEAN('U', "hide-unresolved", &report.hide_unresolved,
"Only display entries resolved to a symbol"),
OPT_STRING(0, "symfs", &symbol_conf.symfs, "directory",
"Look for files with symbols relative to this directory"),
OPT_STRING('C', "cpu", &report.cpu_list, "cpu",
"list of cpus to profile"),
OPT_BOOLEAN('I', "show-info", &report.show_full_info,
"Display extended information about file"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "source", &symbol_conf.annotate_src,
"Interleave source code with assembly code (default)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "asm-raw", &symbol_conf.annotate_asm_raw,
"Display raw encoding of assembly instructions (default)"),
OPT_STRING('M', "disassembler-style", &disassembler_style, "disassembler style",
"Specify disassembler style (e.g. -M intel for intel syntax)"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "show-total-period", &symbol_conf.show_total_period,
"Show a column with the sum of periods"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "group", &symbol_conf.event_group,
"Show event group information together"),
OPT_CALLBACK_NOOPT('b', "branch-stack", &branch_mode, "",
"use branch records for histogram filling", parse_branch_mode),
OPT_STRING(0, "objdump", &objdump_path, "path",
"objdump binary to use for disassembly and annotations"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "demangle", &symbol_conf.demangle,
"Disable symbol demangling"),
OPT_BOOLEAN(0, "mem-mode", &report.mem_mode, "mem access profile"),
OPT_CALLBACK(0, "percent-limit", &report, "percent",
"Don't show entries under that percent", parse_percent_limit),
OPT_CALLBACK(0, "percentage", NULL, "relative|absolute",
"how to display percentage of filtered entries", parse_filter_percentage),
struct perf_data_file file = {
perf_config(report__config, &report);
argc = parse_options(argc, argv, options, report_usage, 0);
if (report.use_stdio)
use_browser = 0;
else if (report.use_tui)
use_browser = 1;
else if (report.use_gtk)
use_browser = 2;
if (report.inverted_callchain)
callchain_param.order = ORDER_CALLER;
if (!input_name || !strlen(input_name)) {
if (!fstat(STDIN_FILENO, &st) && S_ISFIFO(st.st_mode))
input_name = "-";
input_name = "";
file.path = input_name;
file.force = report.force;
session = perf_session__new(&file, false, &report.tool);
if (session == NULL)
return -ENOMEM;
report.session = session;
has_br_stack = perf_header__has_feat(&session->header,
if (branch_mode == -1 && has_br_stack) {
sort__mode = SORT_MODE__BRANCH;
symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain = false;
if (report.mem_mode) {
if (sort__mode == SORT_MODE__BRANCH) {
pr_err("branch and mem mode incompatible\n");
goto error;
sort__mode = SORT_MODE__MEMORY;
symbol_conf.cumulate_callchain = false;
if (setup_sorting() < 0) {
if (sort_order)
parse_options_usage(report_usage, options, "s", 1);
if (field_order)
parse_options_usage(sort_order ? NULL : report_usage,
options, "F", 1);
goto error;
/* Force tty output for header output. */
if (report.header || report.header_only)
use_browser = 0;
if (strcmp(input_name, "-") != 0)
use_browser = 0;
if (report.header || report.header_only) {
perf_session__fprintf_info(session, stdout,
if (report.header_only)
return 0;
} else if (use_browser == 0) {
fputs("# To display the header info, please use --header/--header-only options.\n#\n",
* Only in the TUI browser we are doing integrated annotation,
* so don't allocate extra space that won't be used in the stdio
* implementation.
if (ui__has_annotation()) {
symbol_conf.priv_size = sizeof(struct annotation);
* For searching by name on the "Browse map details".
* providing it only in verbose mode not to bloat too
* much struct symbol.
if (verbose) {
* XXX: Need to provide a less kludgy way to ask for
* more space per symbol, the u32 is for the index on
* the ui browser.
* See symbol__browser_index.
symbol_conf.priv_size += sizeof(u32);
symbol_conf.sort_by_name = true;
if (symbol__init() < 0)
goto error;
if (argc) {
* Special case: if there's an argument left then assume that
* it's a symbol filter:
if (argc > 1)
usage_with_options(report_usage, options);
report.symbol_filter_str = argv[0];
ret = __cmd_report(&report);
if (ret == K_SWITCH_INPUT_DATA) {
goto repeat;
} else
ret = 0;
return ret;