blob: 79f8ba7c38940953182d05a59df970d06acc13fc [file] [log] [blame]
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/ioport.h>
#include <linux/percpu-refcount.h>
#include <asm/pgtable.h>
struct resource;
struct device;
* struct vmem_altmap - pre-allocated storage for vmemmap_populate
* @base_pfn: base of the entire dev_pagemap mapping
* @reserve: pages mapped, but reserved for driver use (relative to @base)
* @free: free pages set aside in the mapping for memmap storage
* @align: pages reserved to meet allocation alignments
* @alloc: track pages consumed, private to vmemmap_populate()
struct vmem_altmap {
const unsigned long base_pfn;
const unsigned long reserve;
unsigned long free;
unsigned long align;
unsigned long alloc;
unsigned long vmem_altmap_offset(struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
void vmem_altmap_free(struct vmem_altmap *altmap, unsigned long nr_pfns);
struct vmem_altmap *to_vmem_altmap(unsigned long memmap_start);
static inline struct vmem_altmap *to_vmem_altmap(unsigned long memmap_start)
return NULL;
* Specialize ZONE_DEVICE memory into multiple types each having differents
* usage.
* Persistent device memory (pmem): struct page might be allocated in different
* memory and architecture might want to perform special actions. It is similar
* to regular memory, in that the CPU can access it transparently. However,
* it is likely to have different bandwidth and latency than regular memory.
* See Documentation/nvdimm/nvdimm.txt for more information.
* Device memory that is not directly addressable by the CPU: CPU can neither
* read nor write private memory. In this case, we do still have struct pages
* backing the device memory. Doing so simplifies the implementation, but it is
* important to remember that there are certain points at which the struct page
* must be treated as an opaque object, rather than a "normal" struct page.
* A more complete discussion of unaddressable memory may be found in
* include/linux/hmm.h and Documentation/vm/hmm.txt.
* Device memory that is cache coherent from device and CPU point of view. This
* is use on platform that have an advance system bus (like CAPI or CCIX). A
* driver can hotplug the device memory using ZONE_DEVICE and with that memory
* type. Any page of a process can be migrated to such memory. However no one
* should be allow to pin such memory so that it can always be evicted.
enum memory_type {
* For MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE we use ZONE_DEVICE and extend it with two
* callbacks:
* page_fault()
* page_free()
* Additional notes about MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE may be found in
* include/linux/hmm.h and Documentation/vm/hmm.txt. There is also a brief
* explanation in include/linux/memory_hotplug.h.
* The page_fault() callback must migrate page back, from device memory to
* system memory, so that the CPU can access it. This might fail for various
* reasons (device issues, device have been unplugged, ...). When such error
* conditions happen, the page_fault() callback must return VM_FAULT_SIGBUS and
* set the CPU page table entry to "poisoned".
* Note that because memory cgroup charges are transferred to the device memory,
* this should never fail due to memory restrictions. However, allocation
* of a regular system page might still fail because we are out of memory. If
* that happens, the page_fault() callback must return VM_FAULT_OOM.
* The page_fault() callback can also try to migrate back multiple pages in one
* chunk, as an optimization. It must, however, prioritize the faulting address
* over all the others.
* The page_free() callback is called once the page refcount reaches 1
* (ZONE_DEVICE pages never reach 0 refcount unless there is a refcount bug.
* This allows the device driver to implement its own memory management.)
* For MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC only the page_free() callback matter.
typedef int (*dev_page_fault_t)(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr,
const struct page *page,
unsigned int flags,
pmd_t *pmdp);
typedef void (*dev_page_free_t)(struct page *page, void *data);
* struct dev_pagemap - metadata for ZONE_DEVICE mappings
* @page_fault: callback when CPU fault on an unaddressable device page
* @page_free: free page callback when page refcount reaches 1
* @altmap: pre-allocated/reserved memory for vmemmap allocations
* @res: physical address range covered by @ref
* @ref: reference count that pins the devm_memremap_pages() mapping
* @dev: host device of the mapping for debug
* @data: private data pointer for page_free()
* @type: memory type: see MEMORY_* in memory_hotplug.h
struct dev_pagemap {
dev_page_fault_t page_fault;
dev_page_free_t page_free;
struct vmem_altmap *altmap;
const struct resource *res;
struct percpu_ref *ref;
struct device *dev;
void *data;
enum memory_type type;
void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev, struct resource *res,
struct percpu_ref *ref, struct vmem_altmap *altmap);
struct dev_pagemap *find_dev_pagemap(resource_size_t phys);
static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page);
static inline void *devm_memremap_pages(struct device *dev,
struct resource *res, struct percpu_ref *ref,
struct vmem_altmap *altmap)
* Fail attempts to call devm_memremap_pages() without
* ZONE_DEVICE support enabled, this requires callers to fall
* back to plain devm_memremap() based on config
return ERR_PTR(-ENXIO);
static inline struct dev_pagemap *find_dev_pagemap(resource_size_t phys)
return NULL;
static inline bool is_device_private_page(const struct page *page)
return is_zone_device_page(page) &&
page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PRIVATE;
static inline bool is_device_public_page(const struct page *page)
return is_zone_device_page(page) &&
page->pgmap->type == MEMORY_DEVICE_PUBLIC;
* get_dev_pagemap() - take a new live reference on the dev_pagemap for @pfn
* @pfn: page frame number to lookup page_map
* @pgmap: optional known pgmap that already has a reference
* @pgmap allows the overhead of a lookup to be bypassed when @pfn lands in the
* same mapping.
static inline struct dev_pagemap *get_dev_pagemap(unsigned long pfn,
struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
const struct resource *res = pgmap ? pgmap->res : NULL;
resource_size_t phys = PFN_PHYS(pfn);
* In the cached case we're already holding a live reference so
* we can simply do a blind increment
if (res && phys >= res->start && phys <= res->end) {
return pgmap;
/* fall back to slow path lookup */
pgmap = find_dev_pagemap(phys);
if (pgmap && !percpu_ref_tryget_live(pgmap->ref))
pgmap = NULL;
return pgmap;
static inline void put_dev_pagemap(struct dev_pagemap *pgmap)
if (pgmap)
#endif /* _LINUX_MEMREMAP_H_ */