blob: 1ca501d15b5389056bb1548b479b730f0186fffc [file] [log] [blame]
.. _changelog:
Starting with version 1.8.0, pybind11 releases use a `semantic versioning
<>`_ policy.
v2.3.0 (Not yet released)
v2.2.1 (September 14, 2017)
* Added ``py::module::reload()`` member function for reloading a module.
`#1040 <>`_.
* Fixed a reference leak in the number converter.
`#1078 <>`_.
* Fixed compilation with Clang on host GCC < 5 (old libstdc++ which isn't fully
C++11 compliant). `#1062 <>`_.
* Fixed a regression where the automatic ``std::vector<bool>`` caster would
fail to compile. The same fix also applies to any container which returns
element proxies instead of references.
`#1053 <>`_.
* Fixed a regression where the ``py::keep_alive`` policy could not be applied
to constructors. `#1065 <>`_.
* Fixed a nullptr dereference when loading a ``py::module_local`` type
that's only registered in an external module.
`#1058 <>`_.
* Fixed implicit conversion of accessors to types derived from ``py::object``.
`#1076 <>`_.
* The ``name`` in ``PYBIND11_MODULE(name, variable)`` can now be a macro.
`#1082 <>`_.
* Relaxed overly strict ``py::pickle()`` check for matching get and set types.
`#1064 <>`_.
* Conversion errors now try to be more informative when it's likely that
a missing header is the cause (e.g. forgetting ``<pybind11/stl.h>``).
`#1077 <>`_.
v2.2.0 (August 31, 2017)
* Support for embedding the Python interpreter. See the
:doc:`documentation page </advanced/embedding>` for a
full overview of the new features.
`#774 <>`_,
`#889 <>`_,
`#892 <>`_,
`#920 <>`_.
.. code-block:: cpp
#include <pybind11/embed.h>
namespace py = pybind11;
int main() {
py::scoped_interpreter guard{}; // start the interpreter and keep it alive
py::print("Hello, World!"); // use the Python API
* Support for inheriting from multiple C++ bases in Python.
`#693 <>`_.
.. code-block:: python
from cpp_module import CppBase1, CppBase2
class PyDerived(CppBase1, CppBase2):
def __init__(self):
CppBase1.__init__(self) # C++ bases must be initialized explicitly
* ``PYBIND11_MODULE`` is now the preferred way to create module entry points.
``PYBIND11_PLUGIN`` is deprecated. See :ref:`macros` for details.
`#879 <>`_.
.. code-block:: cpp
// new
PYBIND11_MODULE(example, m) {
m.def("add", [](int a, int b) { return a + b; });
// old
PYBIND11_PLUGIN(example) {
py::module m("example");
m.def("add", [](int a, int b) { return a + b; });
return m.ptr();
* pybind11's headers and build system now more strictly enforce hidden symbol
visibility for extension modules. This should be seamless for most users,
but see the :doc:`upgrade` if you use a custom build system.
`#995 <>`_.
* Support for ``py::module_local`` types which allow multiple modules to
export the same C++ types without conflicts. This is useful for opaque
types like ``std::vector<int>``. ``py::bind_vector`` and ``py::bind_map``
now default to ``py::module_local`` if their elements are builtins or
local types. See :ref:`module_local` for details.
`#949 <>`_,
`#981 <>`_,
`#995 <>`_,
`#997 <>`_.
* Custom constructors can now be added very easily using lambdas or factory
functions which return a class instance by value, pointer or holder. This
supersedes the old placement-new ``__init__`` technique.
See :ref:`custom_constructors` for details.
`#805 <>`_,
`#1014 <>`_.
.. code-block:: cpp
struct Example {
py::class_<Example>(m, "Example")
.def(py::init<std::string>()) // existing constructor
.def(py::init([](int n) { // custom constructor
return std::make_unique<Example>(std::to_string(n));
* Similarly to custom constructors, pickling support functions are now bound
using the ``py::pickle()`` adaptor which improves type safety. See the
:doc:`upgrade` and :ref:`pickling` for details.
`#1038 <>`_.
* Builtin support for converting C++17 standard library types and general
conversion improvements:
1. C++17 ``std::variant`` is supported right out of the box. C++11/14
equivalents (e.g. ``boost::variant``) can also be added with a simple
user-defined specialization. See :ref:`cpp17_container_casters` for details.
`#811 <>`_,
`#845 <>`_,
`#989 <>`_.
2. Out-of-the-box support for C++17 ``std::string_view``.
`#906 <>`_.
3. Improved compatibility of the builtin ``optional`` converter.
`#874 <>`_.
4. The ``bool`` converter now accepts ``numpy.bool_`` and types which
define ``__bool__`` (Python 3.x) or ``__nonzero__`` (Python 2.7).
`#925 <>`_.
5. C++-to-Python casters are now more efficient and move elements out
of rvalue containers whenever possible.
`#851 <>`_,
`#936 <>`_,
`#938 <>`_.
6. Fixed ``bytes`` to ``std::string/char*`` conversion on Python 3.
`#817 <>`_.
7. Fixed lifetime of temporary C++ objects created in Python-to-C++ conversions.
`#924 <>`_.
* Scope guard call policy for RAII types, e.g. ``py::call_guard<py::gil_scoped_release>()``,
``py::call_guard<py::scoped_ostream_redirect>()``. See :ref:`call_policies` for details.
`#740 <>`_.
* Utility for redirecting C++ streams to Python (e.g. ``std::cout`` ->
``sys.stdout``). Scope guard ``py::scoped_ostream_redirect`` in C++ and
a context manager in Python. See :ref:`ostream_redirect`.
`#1009 <>`_.
* Improved handling of types and exceptions across module boundaries.
`#915 <>`_,
`#951 <>`_,
`#995 <>`_.
* Fixed destruction order of ``py::keep_alive`` nurse/patient objects
in reference cycles.
`#856 <>`_.
* Numpy and buffer protocol related improvements:
1. Support for negative strides in Python buffer objects/numpy arrays. This
required changing integers from unsigned to signed for the related C++ APIs.
Note: If you have compiler warnings enabled, you may notice some new conversion
warnings after upgrading. These can be resolved with ``static_cast``.
`#782 <>`_.
2. Support ``std::complex`` and arrays inside ``PYBIND11_NUMPY_DTYPE``.
`#831 <>`_,
`#832 <>`_.
3. Support for constructing ``py::buffer_info`` and ``py::arrays`` using
arbitrary containers or iterators instead of requiring a ``std::vector``.
`#788 <>`_,
`#822 <>`_,
`#860 <>`_.
4. Explicitly check numpy version and require >= 1.7.0.
`#819 <>`_.
* Support for allowing/prohibiting ``None`` for specific arguments and improved
``None`` overload resolution order. See :ref:`none_arguments` for details.
`#843 <>`_.
`#859 <>`_.
* Added ``py::exec()`` as a shortcut for ``py::eval<py::eval_statements>()``
and support for C++11 raw string literals as input. See :ref:`eval`.
`#766 <>`_,
`#827 <>`_.
* ``py::vectorize()`` ignores non-vectorizable arguments and supports
member functions.
`#762 <>`_.
* Support for bound methods as callbacks (``pybind11/functional.h``).
`#815 <>`_.
* Allow aliasing pybind11 methods: ``cls.attr("foo") = cls.attr("bar")``.
`#802 <>`_.
* Don't allow mixed static/non-static overloads.
`#804 <>`_.
* Fixed overriding static properties in derived classes.
`#784 <>`_.
* Improved deduction of member functions of a derived class when its bases
aren't registered with pybind11.
`#855 <>`_.
.. code-block:: cpp
struct Base {
int foo() { return 42; }
struct Derived : Base {}
// Now works, but previously required also binding `Base`
py::class_<Derived>(m, "Derived")
.def("foo", &Derived::foo); // function is actually from `Base`
* The implementation of ``py::init<>`` now uses C++11 brace initialization
syntax to construct instances, which permits binding implicit constructors of
aggregate types. `#1015 <>`_.
.. code-block:: cpp
struct Aggregate {
int a;
std::string b;
py::class_<Aggregate>(m, "Aggregate")
.def(py::init<int, const std::string &>());
* Fixed issues with multiple inheritance with offset base/derived pointers.
`#812 <>`_,
`#866 <>`_,
`#960 <>`_.
* Fixed reference leak of type objects.
`#1030 <>`_.
* Improved support for the ``/std:c++14`` and ``/std:c++latest`` modes
on MSVC 2017.
`#841 <>`_,
`#999 <>`_.
* Fixed detection of private operator new on MSVC.
`#893 <>`_,
`#918 <>`_.
* Intel C++ compiler compatibility fixes.
`#937 <>`_.
* Fixed implicit conversion of `py::enum_` to integer types on Python 2.7.
`#821 <>`_.
* Added ``py::hash`` to fetch the hash value of Python objects, and
``.def(hash(py::self))`` to provide the C++ ``std::hash`` as the Python
``__hash__`` method.
`#1034 <>`_.
* Fixed ``__truediv__`` on Python 2 and ``__itruediv__`` on Python 3.
`#867 <>`_.
* ``py::capsule`` objects now support the ``name`` attribute. This is useful
for interfacing with ``scipy.LowLevelCallable``.
`#902 <>`_.
* Fixed ``py::make_iterator``'s ``__next__()`` for past-the-end calls.
`#897 <>`_.
* Added ``error_already_set::matches()`` for checking Python exceptions.
`#772 <>`_.
* Deprecated ``py::error_already_set::clear()``. It's no longer needed
following a simplification of the ``py::error_already_set`` class.
`#954 <>`_.
* Deprecated ``py::handle::operator==()`` in favor of ``py::handle::is()``
`#825 <>`_.
* Deprecated ``py::object::borrowed``/``py::object::stolen``.
Use ``py::object::borrowed_t{}``/``py::object::stolen_t{}`` instead.
`#771 <>`_.
* Changed internal data structure versioning to avoid conflicts between
modules compiled with different revisions of pybind11.
`#1012 <>`_.
* Additional compile-time and run-time error checking and more informative messages.
`#786 <>`_,
`#794 <>`_,
`#803 <>`_.
* Various minor improvements and fixes.
`#764 <>`_,
`#791 <>`_,
`#795 <>`_,
`#840 <>`_,
`#844 <>`_,
`#846 <>`_,
`#849 <>`_,
`#858 <>`_,
`#862 <>`_,
`#871 <>`_,
`#872 <>`_,
`#881 <>`_,
`#888 <>`_,
`#899 <>`_,
`#928 <>`_,
`#931 <>`_,
`#944 <>`_,
`#950 <>`_,
`#952 <>`_,
`#962 <>`_,
`#965 <>`_,
`#970 <>`_,
`#978 <>`_,
`#979 <>`_,
`#986 <>`_,
`#1020 <>`_,
`#1027 <>`_,
`#1037 <>`_.
* Testing improvements.
`#798 <>`_,
`#882 <>`_,
`#898 <>`_,
`#900 <>`_,
`#921 <>`_,
`#923 <>`_,
`#963 <>`_.
v2.1.1 (April 7, 2017)
* Fixed minimum version requirement for MSVC 2015u3
`#773 <>`_.
v2.1.0 (March 22, 2017)
* pybind11 now performs function overload resolution in two phases. The first
phase only considers exact type matches, while the second allows for implicit
conversions to take place. A special ``noconvert()`` syntax can be used to
completely disable implicit conversions for specific arguments.
`#643 <>`_,
`#634 <>`_,
`#650 <>`_.
* Fixed a regression where static properties no longer worked with classes
using multiple inheritance. The ``py::metaclass`` attribute is no longer
necessary (and deprecated as of this release) when binding classes with
static properties.
`#679 <>`_,
* Classes bound using ``pybind11`` can now use custom metaclasses.
`#679 <>`_,
* ``py::args`` and ``py::kwargs`` can now be mixed with other positional
arguments when binding functions using pybind11.
`#611 <>`_.
* Improved support for C++11 unicode string and character types; added
extensive documentation regarding pybind11's string conversion behavior.
`#624 <>`_,
`#636 <>`_,
`#715 <>`_.
* pybind11 can now avoid expensive copies when converting Eigen arrays to NumPy
arrays (and vice versa). `#610 <>`_.
* The "fast path" in ``py::vectorize`` now works for any full-size group of C or
F-contiguous arrays. The non-fast path is also faster since it no longer performs
copies of the input arguments (except when type conversions are necessary).
`#610 <>`_.
* Added fast, unchecked access to NumPy arrays via a proxy object.
`#746 <>`_.
* Transparent support for class-specific ``operator new`` and
``operator delete`` implementations.
`#755 <>`_.
* Slimmer and more efficient STL-compatible iterator interface for sequence types.
`#662 <>`_.
* Improved custom holder type support.
`#607 <>`_.
* ``nullptr`` to ``None`` conversion fixed in various builtin type casters.
`#732 <>`_.
* ``enum_`` now exposes its members via a special ``__members__`` attribute.
`#666 <>`_.
* ``std::vector`` bindings created using ``stl_bind.h`` can now optionally
implement the buffer protocol. `#488 <>`_.
* Automated C++ reference documentation using doxygen and breathe.
`#598 <>`_.
* Added minimum compiler version assertions.
`#727 <>`_.
* Improved compatibility with C++1z.
`#677 <>`_.
* Improved ``py::capsule`` API. Can be used to implement cleanup
callbacks that are involved at module destruction time.
`#752 <>`_.
* Various minor improvements and fixes.
`#595 <>`_,
`#588 <>`_,
`#589 <>`_,
`#603 <>`_,
`#619 <>`_,
`#648 <>`_,
`#695 <>`_,
`#720 <>`_,
`#723 <>`_,
`#729 <>`_,
`#724 <>`_,
`#742 <>`_,
`#753 <>`_.
v2.0.1 (Jan 4, 2017)
* Fix pointer to reference error in type_caster on MSVC
`#583 <>`_.
* Fixed a segmentation in the test suite due to a typo
`cd7eac <>`_.
v2.0.0 (Jan 1, 2017)
* Fixed a reference counting regression affecting types with custom metaclasses
(introduced in v2.0.0-rc1).
`#571 <>`_.
* Quenched a CMake policy warning.
`#570 <>`_.
v2.0.0-rc1 (Dec 23, 2016)
The pybind11 developers are excited to issue a release candidate of pybind11
with a subsequent v2.0.0 release planned in early January next year.
An incredible amount of effort by went into pybind11 over the last ~5 months,
leading to a release that is jam-packed with exciting new features and numerous
usability improvements. The following list links PRs or individual commits
whenever applicable.
Happy Christmas!
* Support for binding C++ class hierarchies that make use of multiple
inheritance. `#410 <>`_.
* PyPy support: pybind11 now supports nightly builds of PyPy and will
interoperate with the future 5.7 release. No code changes are necessary,
everything "just" works as usual. Note that we only target the Python 2.7
branch for now; support for 3.x will be added once its ``cpyext`` extension
support catches up. A few minor features remain unsupported for the time
being (notably dynamic attributes in custom types).
`#527 <>`_.
* Significant work on the documentation -- in particular, the monolitic
``advanced.rst`` file was restructured into a easier to read hierarchical
organization. `#448 <>`_.
* Many NumPy-related improvements:
1. Object-oriented API to access and modify NumPy ``ndarray`` instances,
replicating much of the corresponding NumPy C API functionality.
`#402 <>`_.
2. NumPy array ``dtype`` array descriptors are now first-class citizens and
are exposed via a new class ``py::dtype``.
3. Structured dtypes can be registered using the ``PYBIND11_NUMPY_DTYPE()``
macro. Special ``array`` constructors accepting dtype objects were also
One potential caveat involving this change: format descriptor strings
should now be accessed via ``format_descriptor::format()`` (however, for
compatibility purposes, the old syntax ``format_descriptor::value`` will
still work for non-structured data types). `#308
4. Further improvements to support structured dtypes throughout the system.
`#472 <>`_,
`#474 <>`_,
`#459 <>`_,
`#453 <>`_,
`#452 <>`_, and
`#505 <>`_.
5. Fast access operators. `#497 <>`_.
6. Constructors for arrays whose storage is owned by another object.
`#440 <>`_.
7. Added constructors for ``array`` and ``array_t`` explicitly accepting shape
and strides; if strides are not provided, they are deduced assuming
C-contiguity. Also added simplified constructors for 1-dimensional case.
8. Added buffer/NumPy support for ``char[N]`` and ``std::array<char, N>`` types.
9. Added ``memoryview`` wrapper type which is constructible from ``buffer_info``.
* Eigen: many additional conversions and support for non-contiguous
`#427 <>`_,
`#315 <>`_,
`#316 <>`_,
`#312 <>`_, and
`#267 <>`_
* Incompatible changes in ``class_<...>::class_()``:
1. Declarations of types that provide access via the buffer protocol must
now include the ``py::buffer_protocol()`` annotation as an argument to
the ``class_`` constructor.
2. Declarations of types that require a custom metaclass (i.e. all classes
which include static properties via commands such as
``def_readwrite_static()``) must now include the ``py::metaclass()``
annotation as an argument to the ``class_`` constructor.
These two changes were necessary to make type definitions in pybind11
future-proof, and to support PyPy via its cpyext mechanism. `#527
3. This version of pybind11 uses a redesigned mechnism for instantiating
trempoline classes that are used to override virtual methods from within
Python. This led to the following user-visible syntax change: instead of
.. code-block:: cpp
.. code-block:: cpp
py::class_<MyClass, TrampolineClass>("MyClass")
Importantly, both the original and the trampoline class are now
specified as an arguments (in arbitrary order) to the ``py::class_``
template, and the ``alias<..>()`` call is gone. The new scheme has zero
overhead in cases when Python doesn't override any functions of the
underlying C++ class. `rev. 86d825
* Added ``eval`` and ``eval_file`` functions for evaluating expressions and
statements from a string or file. `rev. 0d3fc3
* pybind11 can now create types with a modifiable dictionary.
`#437 <>`_ and
`#444 <>`_.
* Support for translation of arbitrary C++ exceptions to Python counterparts.
`#296 <>`_ and
`#273 <>`_.
* Report full backtraces through mixed C++/Python code, better reporting for
import errors, fixed GIL management in exception processing.
`#537 <>`_,
`#494 <>`_,
`rev. e72d95 <>`_, and
`rev. 099d6e <>`_.
* Support for bit-level operations, comparisons, and serialization of C++
enumerations. `#503 <>`_,
`#508 <>`_,
`#380 <>`_,
`#309 <>`_.
`#311 <>`_.
* The ``class_`` constructor now accepts its template arguments in any order.
`#385 <>`_.
* Attribute and item accessors now have a more complete interface which makes
it possible to chain attributes as in
``obj.attr("a")[key].attr("b").attr("method")(1, 2, 3)``. `#425
* Major redesign of the default and conversion constructors in ``pytypes.h``.
`#464 <>`_.
* Added built-in support for ``std::shared_ptr`` holder type. It is no longer
necessary to to include a declaration of the form
``PYBIND11_DECLARE_HOLDER_TYPE(T, std::shared_ptr<T>)`` (though continuing to
do so won't cause an error).
`#454 <>`_.
* New ``py::overload_cast`` casting operator to select among multiple possible
overloads of a function. An example:
.. code-block:: cpp
py::class_<Pet>(m, "Pet")
.def("set", py::overload_cast<int>(&Pet::set), "Set the pet's age")
.def("set", py::overload_cast<const std::string &>(&Pet::set), "Set the pet's name");
This feature only works on C++14-capable compilers.
`#541 <>`_.
* C++ types are automatically cast to Python types, e.g. when assigning
them as an attribute. For instance, the following is now legal:
.. code-block:: cpp
py::module m = /* ... */
m.attr("constant") = 123;
(Previously, a ``py::cast`` call was necessary to avoid a compilation error.)
`#551 <>`_.
* Redesigned ``pytest``-based test suite. `#321 <>`_.
* Instance tracking to detect reference leaks in test suite. `#324 <>`_
* pybind11 can now distinguish between multiple different instances that are
located at the same memory address, but which have different types.
`#329 <>`_.
* Improved logic in ``move`` return value policy.
`#510 <>`_,
`#297 <>`_.
* Generalized unpacking API to permit calling Python functions from C++ using
notation such as ``foo(a1, a2, *args, "ka"_a=1, "kb"_a=2, **kwargs)``. `#372 <>`_.
* ``py::print()`` function whose behavior matches that of the native Python
``print()`` function. `#372 <>`_.
* Added ``py::dict`` keyword constructor:``auto d = dict("number"_a=42,
"name"_a="World");``. `#372 <>`_.
* Added ``py::str::format()`` method and ``_s`` literal: ``py::str s = "1 + 2
= {}"_s.format(3);``. `#372 <>`_.
* Added ``py::repr()`` function which is equivalent to Python's builtin
``repr()``. `#333 <>`_.
* Improved construction and destruction logic for holder types. It is now
possible to reference instances with smart pointer holder types without
constructing the holder if desired. The ``PYBIND11_DECLARE_HOLDER_TYPE``
macro now accepts an optional second parameter to indicate whether the holder
type uses intrusive reference counting.
`#533 <>`_ and
`#561 <>`_.
* Mapping a stateless C++ function to Python and back is now "for free" (i.e.
no extra indirections or argument conversion overheads). `rev. 954b79
* Bindings for ``std::valarray<T>``.
`#545 <>`_.
* Improved support for C++17 capable compilers.
`#562 <>`_.
* Bindings for ``std::optional<t>``.
`#475 <>`_,
`#476 <>`_,
`#479 <>`_,
`#499 <>`_, and
`#501 <>`_.
* ``stl_bind.h``: general improvements and support for ``std::map`` and
`#490 <>`_,
`#282 <>`_,
`#235 <>`_.
* The ``std::tuple``, ``std::pair``, ``std::list``, and ``std::vector`` type
casters now accept any Python sequence type as input. `rev. 107285
* Improved CMake Python detection on multi-architecture Linux.
`#532 <>`_.
* Infrastructure to selectively disable or enable parts of the automatically
generated docstrings. `#486 <>`_.
* ``reference`` and ``reference_internal`` are now the default return value
properties for static and non-static properties, respectively. `#473
<>`_. (the previous defaults
were ``automatic``). `#473 <>`_.
* Support for ``std::unique_ptr`` with non-default deleters or no deleter at
all (``py::nodelete``). `#384 <>`_.
* Deprecated ``handle::call()`` method. The new syntax to call Python
functions is simply ``handle()``. It can also be invoked explicitly via
``handle::operator<X>()``, where ``X`` is an optional return value policy.
* Print more informative error messages when ``make_tuple()`` or ``cast()``
fail. `#262 <>`_.
* Creation of holder types for classes deriving from
``std::enable_shared_from_this<>`` now also works for ``const`` values.
`#260 <>`_.
* ``make_iterator()`` improvements for better compatibility with various
types (now uses prefix increment operator); it now also accepts iterators
with different begin/end types as long as they are equality comparable.
`#247 <>`_.
* ``arg()`` now accepts a wider range of argument types for default values.
`#244 <>`_.
* Support ``keep_alive`` where the nurse object may be ``None``. `#341
* Added constructors for ``str`` and ``bytes`` from zero-terminated char
pointers, and from char pointers and length. Added constructors for ``str``
from ``bytes`` and for ``bytes`` from ``str``, which will perform UTF-8
decoding/encoding as required.
* Many other improvements of library internals without user-visible changes
1.8.1 (July 12, 2016)
* Fixed a rare but potentially very severe issue when the garbage collector ran
during pybind11 type creation.
1.8.0 (June 14, 2016)
* Redesigned CMake build system which exports a convenient
``pybind11_add_module`` function to parent projects.
* ``std::vector<>`` type bindings analogous to Boost.Python's ``indexing_suite``
* Transparent conversion of sparse and dense Eigen matrices and vectors (``eigen.h``)
* Added an ``ExtraFlags`` template argument to the NumPy ``array_t<>`` wrapper
to disable an enforced cast that may lose precision, e.g. to create overloads
for different precisions and complex vs real-valued matrices.
* Prevent implicit conversion of floating point values to integral types in
function arguments
* Fixed incorrect default return value policy for functions returning a shared
* Don't allow registering a type via ``class_`` twice
* Don't allow casting a ``None`` value into a C++ lvalue reference
* Fixed a crash in ``enum_::operator==`` that was triggered by the ``help()`` command
* Improved detection of whether or not custom C++ types can be copy/move-constructed
* Extended ``str`` type to also work with ``bytes`` instances
* Added a ``"name"_a`` user defined string literal that is equivalent to ``py::arg("name")``.
* When specifying function arguments via ``py::arg``, the test that verifies
the number of arguments now runs at compile time.
* Added ``[[noreturn]]`` attribute to ``pybind11_fail()`` to quench some
compiler warnings
* List function arguments in exception text when the dispatch code cannot find
a matching overload
* Added ``PYBIND11_OVERLOAD_NAME`` and ``PYBIND11_OVERLOAD_PURE_NAME`` macros which
can be used to override virtual methods whose name differs in C++ and Python
(e.g. ``__call__`` and ``operator()``)
* Various minor ``iterator`` and ``make_iterator()`` improvements
* Transparently support ``__bool__`` on Python 2.x and Python 3.x
* Fixed issue with destructor of unpickled object not being called
* Minor CMake build system improvements on Windows
* New ``pybind11::args`` and ``pybind11::kwargs`` types to create functions which
take an arbitrary number of arguments and keyword arguments
* New syntax to call a Python function from C++ using ``*args`` and ``*kwargs``
* The functions ``def_property_*`` now correctly process docstring arguments (these
formerly caused a segmentation fault)
* Many ```` improvements (enumerations, template arguments, ``DOC()``
macro accepts more arguments)
* Cygwin support
* Documentation improvements (pickling support, ``keep_alive``, macro usage)
1.7 (April 30, 2016)
* Added a new ``move`` return value policy that triggers C++11 move semantics.
The automatic return value policy falls back to this case whenever a rvalue
reference is encountered
* Significantly more general GIL state routines that are used instead of
Python's troublesome ``PyGILState_Ensure`` and ``PyGILState_Release`` API
* Redesign of opaque types that drastically simplifies their usage
* Extended ability to pass values of type ``[const] void *``
* ``keep_alive`` fix: don't fail when there is no patient
* ``functional.h``: acquire the GIL before calling a Python function
* Added Python RAII type wrappers ``none`` and ``iterable``
* Added ``*args`` and ``*kwargs`` pass-through parameters to
``pybind11.get_include()`` function
* Iterator improvements and fixes
* Documentation on return value policies and opaque types improved
1.6 (April 30, 2016)
* Skipped due to upload to PyPI gone wrong and inability to recover
1.5 (April 21, 2016)
* For polymorphic types, use RTTI to try to return the closest type registered with pybind11
* Pickling support for serializing and unserializing C++ instances to a byte stream in Python
* Added a convenience routine ``make_iterator()`` which turns a range indicated
by a pair of C++ iterators into a iterable Python object
* Added ``len()`` and a variadic ``make_tuple()`` function
* Addressed a rare issue that could confuse the current virtual function
dispatcher and another that could lead to crashes in multi-threaded
* Added a ``get_include()`` function to the Python module that returns the path
of the directory containing the installed pybind11 header files
* Documentation improvements: import issues, symbol visibility, pickling, limitations
* Added casting support for ``std::reference_wrapper<>``
1.4 (April 7, 2016)
* Transparent type conversion for ``std::wstring`` and ``wchar_t``
* Allow passing ``nullptr``-valued strings
* Transparent passing of ``void *`` pointers using capsules
* Transparent support for returning values wrapped in ``std::unique_ptr<>``
* Improved docstring generation for compatibility with Sphinx
* Nicer debug error message when default parameter construction fails
* Support for "opaque" types that bypass the transparent conversion layer for STL containers
* Redesigned type casting interface to avoid ambiguities that could occasionally cause compiler errors
* Redesigned property implementation; fixes crashes due to an unfortunate default return value policy
* Anaconda package generation support
1.3 (March 8, 2016)
* Added support for the Intel C++ compiler (v15+)
* Added support for the STL unordered set/map data structures
* Added support for the STL linked list data structure
* NumPy-style broadcasting support in ``pybind11::vectorize``
* pybind11 now displays more verbose error messages when ``arg::operator=()`` fails
* pybind11 internal data structures now live in a version-dependent namespace to avoid ABI issues
* Many, many bugfixes involving corner cases and advanced usage
1.2 (February 7, 2016)
* Optional: efficient generation of function signatures at compile time using C++14
* Switched to a simpler and more general way of dealing with function default
arguments. Unused keyword arguments in function calls are now detected and
cause errors as expected
* New ``keep_alive`` call policy analogous to Boost.Python's ``with_custodian_and_ward``
* New ``pybind11::base<>`` attribute to indicate a subclass relationship
* Improved interface for RAII type wrappers in ``pytypes.h``
* Use RAII type wrappers consistently within pybind11 itself. This
fixes various potential refcount leaks when exceptions occur
* Added new ``bytes`` RAII type wrapper (maps to ``string`` in Python 2.7)
* Made handle and related RAII classes const correct, using them more
consistently everywhere now
* Got rid of the ugly ``__pybind11__`` attributes on the Python side---they are
now stored in a C++ hash table that is not visible in Python
* Fixed refcount leaks involving NumPy arrays and bound functions
* Vastly improved handling of shared/smart pointers
* Removed an unnecessary copy operation in ``pybind11::vectorize``
* Fixed naming clashes when both pybind11 and NumPy headers are included
* Added conversions for additional exception types
* Documentation improvements (using multiple extension modules, smart pointers,
other minor clarifications)
* unified infrastructure for parsing variadic arguments in ``class_`` and cpp_function
* Fixed license text (was: ZLIB, should have been: 3-clause BSD)
* Python 3.2 compatibility
* Fixed remaining issues when accessing types in another plugin module
* Added enum comparison and casting methods
* Improved SFINAE-based detection of whether types are copy-constructible
* Eliminated many warnings about unused variables and the use of ``offsetof()``
* Support for ``std::array<>`` conversions
1.1 (December 7, 2015)
* Documentation improvements (GIL, wrapping functions, casting, fixed many typos)
* Generalized conversion of integer types
* Improved support for casting function objects
* Improved support for ``std::shared_ptr<>`` conversions
* Initial support for ``std::set<>`` conversions
* Fixed type resolution issue for types defined in a separate plugin module
* Cmake build system improvements
* Factored out generic functionality to non-templated code (smaller code size)
* Added a code size / compile time benchmark vs Boost.Python
* Added an appveyor CI script
1.0 (October 15, 2015)
* Initial release